Who Were The Participants Of The Legendary Vienna 1882 Chess Tournament?


The field was composed of the very top international players and the best Austro-Hungarian players. Here is an alphabetical list of the participants with short biographical notes.

  • Henry Bird, (1830-1908). Bookkeeper. One of the strongest English players and all his life a habitué of the chess cafés of London.
  • Joseph Henry Blackburne, (1841-1924). After his victory in the British championship 1868-69, he turned professional and earned his living by simultaneous tours in England. Distinguished composer and solver of problems.
  • Berthold Englisch, (1851-1897). Austrian master, then one of the best players in the world.
  • Bernhard Fleissig, (1853-1931). Austrian master.
  • Vincenz Hruby, (1856-1917). Czechoslovakian chess player who worked as a teacher in Trieste and who scored good results in 1882 and 1891 in matches against leading Austrian players.
  • George Henry MacKenzie, (1837-1891). Born in Scotland, MacKenzie served in Ireland and India. At the end of his career, he devoted himself to chess intensively and quickly became one of the best players in the USA.
  • James Mason, (1849-1905). Born in Ireland, he emigrated to the USA. A brilliant chess journalist and highly gifted player, who was among the best in the world in the 1880s. But his too great consumption stopped him ever really reaching the top.
  • Philipp Meitner, (1836-1910). A strong amateur who lived in Vienna and was a student friend of Steinitz.
  • Josef Noa, (1856-1903). Hungarian master.
  • Louis Paulsen, (1833-1891). Important theoretician and excellent player of blindfold chess. Born in Germany in 1833, he emigrated to the USA in 1854 in order to help with his brother's firm. There he became one of the best players in the country.
  • Adolf Schwarz, (1836-1910). Strong amateur Hungarian player, who had settled in Vienna in 1872.
  • William Steinitz, (1836-1900). Born in Prague, Steinitz lived for some time in Vienna, till he moved to England and later to the USA as a professional chess player and journalist. First official World Champion, and founder of the scientific method of positional play.
  • Mikhail Chigorin, (1850-1908). In 1882 the top Russian player was at the start of his international career. He had played in his first international tournament in Berlin in 1881 and by 1883 he was already amongst the top players in the world.
  • Preston Ware, (1821-1890). An American player who came to notice because of his original treatment of the opening. For example, a variation to which his name was given begins with the moves 1.a4 e5 2.a5 d5 3.e3 f5 4.a6.
  • Miksa Weiss, (1857-1927). Born in Hungary, Weiss was amongst the strongest players in the world between 1880 and 1890. The he decided to limit his chess in order to continue his successful career as banker.
  • Szymon Winawer, (1838-1920). Polish businessman, who was amongst the best players in the world from the end of the 1860s till the beginning of the 1880s..
  • Alexander Wittek, (1852-1894). A Viennese architect, who scored some good tournament results between 1880 and 1882, but then concentrated on his profession as an architect.
  • Johann Hermann Zukertort, (1842-1888). One of the most brilliant players in the history of chess, Zukertort was particularly gifted in blindfold chess and as a journalist. At the end of the 60s, he edited together with Anderssen the Neue Berliner Schachzeitung; together with Leopold Hoffer, he later published the English chess magazine Chess Monthly.